Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca - "cat-foot black-and-white") or summarized Panda, is a mammal usually classified in the bear family, Ursidae, that is native to central China. The Giant Panda lives in mountainous regions, like Sichuan and Tibet. In half of the 20th century, the last, the panda became a symbol of the Chinese nation, and is now displayed in the currency of the country of gold.
?? their Chinese names (xiong mao) means "cat-bear," and can also be read in reverse sense. He named the panda in the West because it is similar to the Red Panda, and formerly known as Bear Striped (Ailuropus melanoleucus).
Despite being taxonomically a carnivore, its diet, most of the plants, almost only bamboo alone. Technically, like most animals, pandas are omnivores, as they are also known to eat eggs, and also insects other than bamboo. Both of these foods are sources of protein are required. His ears twitched as they chew.
Giant Panda also was related to the Red Panda, but they seem to resemble named because of their habit of eating bamboo. Prior to his relationship with the Red Panda is found in 1901, known as the Great Panda bear colored two.
For decades, the precise taxonomic classification of the panda debate as both Giant Panda and the Red Panda has characteristics such as bears and raccoons. However, genetic testing has revealed that Giant Pandas are true bears and part of the Ursidae family. Nearest relative is the spectacled bear bear family in South America. It is still debated whether the Red Panda belongs to the family Ursidae or raccoon family, Procyonidae.
Giant Pandas are an endangered species, threatened by loss of habitat and a low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity. About 1,600 are believed to survive in the wild. The Giant Panda is the symbol of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the conservation organization.
Giant Pandas have paws odd, with a "thumb" and five fingers; "thumb" is actually a bone-modified wrist. Stephen Jay Gould wrote an essay about this topic, then use the title of The Panda's Thumb for a book of collected essays.
Panda was first made known in the West in 1869 by the French missionary Armand David (1826-1900). Giant Panda long been a favorite animal communities, in part because the species is cute as a baby, living like a teddy bear. Panda is usually depicted reclining peacefully eating bamboo, as opposed to hunting, so that adds to its image of innocence.
Loan giant pandas to the zoo the United States and Japan is an important part of Panda diplomacy People's Republic of China in the 1970s as it marked some of the first cultural exchanges between China and the Western world.
However, in 1984, pandas were no longer used as a tool of diplomacy. Instead, China began to offer pandas to other countries for borrowing only ten years old. The standard loan terms include a fee of up to U.S. $ 1,000,000 per year and a provision that children born during the loan are the property of the People's Republic of China.
In 1998 as a result of lawsuits by WWF, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service requires that U.S. zoo to import a panda in order to ensure that the rates are half Chinese mounted channeled to efforts to conserve wild pandas and their habitat, then the agency would issue permits importation of the panda.